Can I install Tobermore concrete flags on pedestal supports?
Tobermore flags can be installed on the vast majority of pedestals offered by the various pedestal manufacturers. For confirmation please contact the pedestal manufacturer directly.
We recommend the following guidance:
Can I use proprietary bedding, priming and jointing mortars for bound installation?
Yes, Proprietary bedding and jointing mortars are now used frequently. There are numerous manufacturers of these products which meet and exceed the requirements of BS 7533.
What are the recommended falls for flag paving?
To ensure surface water runs off the flag surface a minimum longitudinal fall of 1.25% (1:80) and cross-fall of 2.5% (1:40) should be incorporated.
Do you have Declaration of Performance certificates for your products?
Yes, download them here.
Do you have any responsible sourcing certification for your flags?
Yes, BES 6001 & ISO14001 – download from here.
Do Tobermore concrete flags contain any Ground Granulated Blast furnace Slag (GGBS) and Pulverised Fuel Ash (PFA).
No, Tobermore concrete flags do not contain any Ground Granulated Blast furnace Slag (GGBS) and Pulverised Fuel Ash (PFA).
How do I cut concrete flags?
Once all full size flags have been laid use cut flags to complete the area. Where cut flags are required avoid cuts which are less than a quarter of the original plan size. The use of in-board cuts can help to achieve this. Flags should be cut using a masonry saw with water suppressant. Full PPE must be worn. When 25% of a flag needs to be cut the remaining piece should be cut from the internal corner of the cut to the external corner of the flag at an angle of 45 degrees.
For best practice cut the flags away from the area being paved to avoid cutting dust staining the newly installed flags.
Can you provide sub-base design help?
Yes, please refer to our online Sub-base Specifier tool here.
How wide are the joints in concrete flag paving?
To allow for the flags dimensional tolerances and to create a gap to allow brushing in of kiln dried jointing sand flags installed unbound must have joints between 2-5mm.
Important: Straightness of lines is dependent on workmanship and any differences in sizes of the flags that result from the manufacturers permitted tolerances. Installing the flags using a 2-5mm joint can help achieve straight lines.
Tobermore do not recommend butt jointing flags. Butt jointing is when flags are installed tight together, touching. This will make achieving straight lines more difficult and causes the edges of the flags to spall.
Flags installed bound should have joints between 6-10mm.
How do I joint concrete flag paving laid using the bound method?
Mortar Jointing using a trowel.
Joint filling usually occurs 12 hours after the flags have been laid on the mortar laying course.
Press the mortar firmly into the joints using a trowel. The whole joint should be filled with a compacted mortar to within 2-3mm of the flag surface. Finish the joint using a pointing iron. Extreme care should be taken to avoid staining the flag surface with jointing mortar. Clean any spills immediately using clean water. The strength of jointing mortar required will depend on the application. Please refer to BS 7533: Part 4. As a guide, typically a 1:4 cement/sand mix is used.
Slurry Mortar Jointing
Important: To avoid staining the surface of the flags, extreme care should be taken when slurry jointing.
Slurry jointing mortars begin to set quickly allowing the paving to be cleaned shortly after jointing is complete. Determining the optimum time to allow the joints to start to set whilst still being able to remove the excess material is crucial. If left too long it will become much more difficult to clean off and there is a risk of staining the flags permanently. Temperature and humidity will also affect the setting time. On very hot days, it may be best to leave jointing until late afternoon. We would strongly advise to construct a trial panel to determine the time required.
Completely soak the entire area of flags with clean water. A suitable strength mortar slurry should be spread over the area. A squeegee should be used to move the slurry over the surface to ensure all open joints are adequately filled. As much of the excess slurry should be removed from the surface of the flags and the joints should be allowed to firm up. Once the joints have begun to firm up any jointing slurry remaining on the surface of the flags must be washed off carefully taking care not to wash material from the joints. For best results use a sponge grout roller machine. Alternatively a pressure washer can be used with care.
How do I joint concrete flag paving laid using the unbound method?
Concrete Flag paving installed unbound is jointed with kiln dried jointing sand. The sand is brushed and vibrated into the joints using a plate compactor. Important: The paved area should not be cleaned by vacuum road sweepers for a minimum of 3 months. This prevents loss of jointing sand and allows sufficient time for the sand to self-stabilise. If necessary, the jointing sand can be stabilised immediately by using a sand joint sealant.
What is the recommended bedding / base course for concrete flag paving?
Concrete flag paving can be installed “unbound” on a bed of sharp sand which should be approximately 25mm after final compaction.
Concrete flag paving can also be laid “bound” on a bed of mortar which should be approximately 30mm after final compaction. Flags with plan dimensions greater than 450 x 450mm are normally laid using the “bound” method. Tobermore strongly advise against spot bedding as this can cause staining to appear on the surface.
Does Tobermore have installation guidelines for flags?
Concrete paving flags should be installed to BS 7533 Part 4. You can download a simplified version of this here.
Can I lay flags over an existing tarmac or concrete base?
It is better to avoid this if possible however it can be done provided the existing base is in good condition and has no cracks. It is very important that the finished surface level of the paving remains below the DPC ( Damp Proof Course ) level.